Pantothenic acid, also known as vitamin B5, is a water-soluble vitamin that plays an important role in several bodily processes.
One of the primary functions of pantothenic acid is its involvement in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Specifically, it is involved in the synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is necessary for the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats for energy, as well as fatty acid synthesis.
Pantothenic acid is also involved in the synthesis of cholesterol and steroid hormones, as well as the formation of red blood cells.
As a water-soluble vitamin, pantothenic acid is generally considered safe for most people to consume in the form of a dietary supplement. The recommended dietary allowance of dietary pantothenic acid for adults is 5 mg per day, but higher doses are often used in pantothenic acid supplementation for specific conditions.
However, it is important to note that excessive adequate intake of pantothenic acid dietary supplements can lead to potential side effects, such as gastrointestinal distress and diarrhea.
Pantothenic acid deficiency is rare in humans, as this vitamin is found in a wide variety of foods and is required in relatively small amounts. However, when deficiency does occur, it can lead to a range of symptoms, including fatigue, weakness, and irritability.
Also are digestive symptoms like nausea and cramping, muscle cramps and spasms, hypoglycemia, and difficulty sleeping. It can even lead to skin irritations such as acne and dermatitis, hair loss, and increased susceptibility to infections.